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6.6 Overloading of Operators

An operator is a function whose designator is an operator_symbol. Operators, like other functions, may be overloaded. 

Name Resolution Rules

Each use of a unary or binary operator is equivalent to a function_call with function_prefix being the corresponding operator_symbol, and with (respectively) one or two positional actual parameters being the operand(s) of the operator (in order). 

Legality Rules

The subprogram_specification of a unary or binary operator shall have one or two parameters, respectively. The parameters shall be of mode in. A generic function instantiation whose designator is an operator_symbol is only allowed if the specification of the generic function has the corresponding number of parameters, and they are all of mode in.
Default_expressions are not allowed for the parameters of an operator (whether the operator is declared with an explicit subprogram_specification or by a generic_instantiation).
An explicit declaration of "/=" shall not have a result type of the predefined type Boolean. 

Static Semantics

An explicit declaration of "=" whose result type is Boolean implicitly declares an operator "/=" that gives the complementary result. 
10  The operators "+" and "–" are both unary and binary operators, and hence may be overloaded with both one- and two-parameter functions. 


Examples of user-defined operators: 
function "+" (Left, Right : Matrix) return Matrix;
function "+" (Left, Right : Vector) return Vector;

--  assuming that A, B, and C are of the type Vector
--  the following two statements are equivalent:

A := B + C;
A := "+"(B, C);

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